While large parts of south America, Africa and Asia are situated in the southerly Hemisphere, the only two continents whose entire territory is south of the Equator are Australia and Antarctica. Each of this continents has big areas the are unwelcoming to human life, but beyond that castle have little in common.

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The continent that Australia is sometimes referred to as the Land under Under due to the fact that it"s so much south. The whole continent is one country, separation into eight territories and also states. It is the world"s the smallest continent but the sixth-largest country. Australia is practically 3,200 km. (1,988 mi.) native its northern coastline to that is southern shore and practically 4,000 km. (2,485 mi.) from east to west, for a full of 7,686,850 sq. Kilometres (2,967,909 sq. Mi). Australia spans three time zones and also includes mountains, flat lands, deserts and also tropical jungles. The seasons are reversed from those in the northern Hemisphere, therefore Australia"s winter months room June v August and its summer months room December through February.


Most Australians live follow me the country"s coasts, particularly between Cairns and Adelaide. Sydney and also Melbourne room the country"s largest cities, and also they space both major, global metropolitan locations with social and historic landmarks the make them well-known tourist destinations. The internal of the nation is flat, barren and also largely unpopulated -- often called the Outback -- yet it support a selection of animal and plant types that have adapted to the harsh environment. Much more than 80% of Australia"s mammals, landlocked fish and also flowering plants are not discovered anywhere rather on Earth.

Slightly bigger than Australia and half as big as the united States, Antarctica is the continent at the bottom that the world. In ~ the thick paper of ice the covers 98% that the continent, Antarctica is mountainous and also rocky. The Transantarctic mountains divide the continent into two areas: eastern Antarctica, i m sorry is about 488 meter (533 yds.) above sea level, and also West Antarctica, which varies in altitude. Lake Vostok, the continent"s biggest lake, and one that the biggest in the world, is covered by a 4-kilometer-thick (nearly 2.5 mi.) ice sheet.


Despite having the world"s coldest temperatures, Antarctica supports a selection of wildlife. Whales, seals, penguins have actually all adjusted to the continent"s harsh problems by developing thick coats or skins, class of blubber and little extremities. Additionally, realm penguins have developed huddling habits to retain human body heat. Seven countries have territorial cases to sections of Antarctica. However, under the Antarctic Treaty, they have agreed to neglect territorial borders and also collaborate to study and protect the continent.

Stephanie Mitchell is a experienced writer who has authored websites and articles for actual estate agents, self-help coaches and also casting directors. Mitchell additionally regularly edit websites, service correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. She graduated from Syracuse college in 2007 with a Bachelor of well Arts in musical theater.

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