The pitman arm web links the steering wheel and steering crate to her vehicle"s tires. A poor pitman arm can lead to bad steering or even steering failure.

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Pitman arms space a an essential piece of linkage between your steering wheel and your tires. More precisely, a pitman arm links the steering crate to the drag or facility link. This helps rotate an angular activity from her steering wheel and also box into the straight motion used to revolve the wheels ago and forth.

A failing pitman arm deserve to lead to “sloppy” steering (i.e., extra pat in the steering wheel) and also a feeling that the vehicle is hike or not responding to typical driving methods. A damaged or lacking pitman arm would reason all steering come fail completely. Replacing a pitman arm takes a few specialty tools and also less than a day to complete, depending upon your level the experience.

Part 1 the 2: removing the old pitman arm

Materials Needed

Torque wrench

Note: new pitman arms have to come with castle nut, cotter pin, and also grease fitting. If yours go not, friend will need to gather this items as well.

Tip: any type of specialty devices you perform not own may be easily accessible for rent in ~ your regional autoparts store. Prior to you spend extra money purchasing devices you will possibly use only once, attempt to rental or borrow first as over there are countless stores that have these alternatives available.

Step 1: progressive the vehicle and also remove the appropriate tire. Park your automobile on level ground. Find the tire beside the pitman eight you room replacing and loosen the lug nuts on the tire.

Tip: This should be done before you progressive vehicle.Trying to ease the lug nuts through the automobile in the air enables the tires to rotate and gives friend no resistance to break the torque used to the lug nuts.

Using your vehicle’s owner’s manual, find the lift allude at i beg your pardon you desire to ar the jack. Have actually your jack stands all set nearby. Lift the vehicle. When you have the vehicle slightly above the wanted height, ar the jack stand under the frame. Progressively release the jack and lower the auto onto the jack stands.

Remove the lug nuts and tire alongside the pitman arm.

Tip: that is a safe exercise to place one more object (such together the tire you removed) under the auto in instance the stand fail and the vehicle falls. Then, if who is under the automobile when this occurs, there will be less chance of injury.

Step 2: find the pitman arm. Looking under the vehicle, find the steering linkage and also narrow in on the pitman arm. Observe the location of the bolts on the pitman arm and plan out the best means to place yourself to remove them.

Step 4: eliminate the pitman arm from the steering box. Insert the pitman arm puller right into the gap in between the steering box and also the retaining bolt. Using a ratchet, rotate the puller’s facility screw until the pitman arm releases.

Tip: If needed, you have the right to use your mallet to assist in the remove of this finish of the pitman arm. Gently tap the eight or puller v the mallet to popular music it loose.

Step 5: remove the lock nut and also cotter pin. Top top the other finish of the pitman arm, friend will see a castle nut and also cotter pin. The cotter pen holds the castle nut in place.

Remove the cotter pin through a collection of needle sleep pliers. Remove the lock nut through a socket and ratchet. You may need to cut the cotter pin to remove it depending on its condition.

Step 6: remove the pitman arm. Usage a pickle fork to different the pitman eight from the facility link. Insert the tines (i.e., the advice of the fork prongs) in between the pitman arm and also the center link. Madness the tines deeper right into the gap with your mallet until the pitman eight pops off.

Part 2 of 2: installation the new pitman arm

Step 1: Prepare to install the brand-new pitman arm. Apply grease approximately the bolt that attaches the pitman arm to the steering box and down roughly the steering box.

This will help to protect against dirt, grime, and water which have the right to prevent the steering linkage from functioning properly. Apply liberally around the area, however wipe off any type of excess.

Step 2: affix the pitman arm to the steering box. Download the new pitman arm onto the steering gear by screwing in the retaining bolt i m sorry you removed in step 3 of part 1.

Line up the notches ~ above the pitman eight to the notches ~ above the steering box together you on slide them together. Look for and line up the level marks ~ above both units.

Make sure any type of washers are in an excellent condition or brand-new when you install them. Assure they remain in the exact same order in which they were removed. Hand tighten the bolt and also torque it with a speak wrench to her vehicle’s specifications.

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Step 3: affix the pitman arm to the facility link. Affix the other finish of the pitman arm to the center or drag link and also hand thread the castle nut right into place. Tighten that down through your ratchet or v the speak wrench if you choose (torque to 40 ft-lb).

Take a new cotter pin and cut it come the dimension of the cotter pin you removed formerly with the old pitman eight (or around 1/4-1/2” much longer than the castle nut). Thread the new cotter pin with the lock nut and also twist the ends outward to save it in place.

Step 4: change the tire. Reinstall the tires you removed in step 1 of part 1. Hand-tighten the lug nuts.

Step 5: lower the vehicle. Eliminate all tools and also objects indigenous under the vehicle. Usage the jack at the proper lift points to raise the car off of the jack stands. Eliminate the stands native under the vehicle. Lower the car onto the ground.

Step 6: torque the tire’s lug nuts. Use the talk wrench to end up tightening the lug nuts ~ above the wheel hub. See your owner’s hand-operated for torque specifications.

Step 7: check the new pitman arm. Turn the vehicle’s key to the accessory setting to unlock the steering wheel. Turn the wheel clock-to-clock (all the way to the left, then all the means to the right) to test if the steering is functional.

Once you know the steering is functional, drive the automobile to test just how well the steers while in motion. Trial and error at both lower and greater speeds is recommended.

Warning: Cranking on the steering wheel v the tires stationary place extra tension on every steering components. Just turn the tires when they room in motion when at every possible, and leave the extra anxiety for rare trial and error (such as above) and extreme steering conditions.

Pitman arms convert the rotation from your steering wheel and steering wheel box into linear movement used to push the tires left and right, and they need to be changed after 100,000 miles. Despite this component is an important to a vehicle’s functioning, changing one can be excellent in less than a day making use of the measures outlined above. If friend would favor to have a experienced perform this repair, however, friend can always contact one of the certified technicians in ~ come come and replace your pitman arm for you at your house or office.