Plateaus are characterized as extensive flat uplands the are raised sharply over the bordering land area top top at least one side. Together with hills, mountains, and plains, plateaus are among the four major landforms ~ above Earth. Plateaus are uncovered on every continent and also occupy around one-third the the earth’s land surface.
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Location of The Deccan Plateau
The physical map of India mirroring the location of the Deccan Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is a huge plateau the occupies major parts that western and also southern India. The plateau covers an area of 4,22,000 sq. Km, i m sorry is about 43% of the Indian landmass. The plateau’s name is anglicized from the Prakrit word dubbed ‘dakkhin’, which originates from the Sanskrit native ‘daksina’, which means ‘The South’. The Deccan Plateau is positioned in the southern component of the Indo-Gangetic basin and also extends over eight Indian says which room Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and also Kerala.
The Shivanasamudra falls on the Kaveri flow in the Deccan Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is shaped choose an reverse triangle and is bounded through the western Ghats in the west; the eastern Ghats in the east; the Satpura and the Vindhya mountain ranges in the north. The plateau’s northeastern border is developed by the watershed in between the Mahanadi and the Godavari Rivers. The plateau rises come an key of end 1,000m in the south, when in the north it rises to about 500m. The average elevation the the plateau is about 600m and it slopes gently in the direction of the east.
The major rivers that the Deccan Plateau consisting of the Godavari, Krishna, and also Kaveri rivers flow from the western Ghats come the just of Bengal in the east. The two rivers Narmada and also Tapti start in the eastern Ghats and also drain right into the Arabian Sea. The rivers which flow through the Deccan Plateau have created plenty of deep valleys and also have additional subdivided the huge Deccan Plateau right into several smaller sized plateaus which encompass the Maharashtra Plateau, the Karnataka/Mysore Plateau, and also the Telangana Plateau.
The Deccan Plateau once constituted a component of the old Gondwanaland continent and is considered to be the oldest and also most stable land in India. The northwestern component of the Deccan Plateau is created of lava flows and also igneous absent structures well-known as the Deccan Traps. These igneous rocks are spread over the whole Indian state of Maharashtra and forms among the world’s largest volcanic provinces. The Deccan traps consist of over 2,000m the flat-lying basalt lava flows and covers an area of about 5,00,000 sq. Kilometres in the west-central component of India. The Deccan Plateau is an extremely rich in minerals choose iron ore, coal, mica, uranium, etc. Priceless stones prefer diamonds have likewise been found.
The climate the the Deccan an ar varies native a semi-arid climate in the northern parts come a tropic climate in other areas. The an ar faces really dry and also hot summers native March come June through maximum temperature rising more than 40°C. The plateau an ar receives rainfall throughout the monsoon season indigenous June to October.
Flora and Fauna
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The Deccan Plateau an ar is covered by old forests which space older 보다 the Himalayas. The main Deccan Plateau is covered by Hardwickia-dominated woodlands. Other trees the are uncovered in the an ar include Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbek, Anogeissus latifolia, Boswellia serrata, Acacia catechu, etc. Several of the far-ranging animals the are found here incorporate the gaur, chinkara, blackbuck, four-horned antelope, tiger, wild buffalo, wild dog, chousingha, etc.
Ancient Hindu temples of the civilization Heritage website of Hampi in Karnataka in the Deccan Plateau region.
The Deccan Plateau region has a well-off history. Some of the notable dynasties that subjugated the an ar include the Mauryans, Guptas, Satvahanas, Chola Dynasty, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Pallavas, the Tondaiman, the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, the Chalukya Dynasty, and also the Marathas. During the brother Rule, the Deccan Plateau to be divided in between the Madras Presidency and the Bombay Presidency. After Independence, every the indigenous states join the Republic that India.