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A penalty, or violation, is dubbed by a referee top top a player that breaks a dominion during the volleyball game. Violations an outcome in a side out, which way possession that the ball and a point for the other team.

Here is a list of volleyball penalties:

Service ErrorsFoot FaultsBall dealing with ErrorsReaching ViolationsCenter line ViolationBack heat Attacking/Blocking

Service Error

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There space a couple of things that have the right to go wrong throughout a serve, a referee will speak to a service error if:

the round goes out-of-boundsthe ball goes into the netthe offer team serves out of orderthe ball hits a player top top the serving team

Foot Faults

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If the server measures on or end the service line while serving the ball, the line ref will contact a foot fault. ~ above a jump serve, the server is enabled to land on or over the organization line, but must start the jump before the line.

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Ball managing Errors

There room several methods to commit ball dealing with errors in volleyball. If a player contact the round illegally, the increase or down referee will call for a violation and also that player"s team will lose that point.

Touching the ball two times in a row, or committing a double, is a usual ball handling error. It will certainly most regularly be dubbed when a player tries to set a round with their hands but mis-hits it. This will cause the ball to spin, making the double-touch straightforward to detect. Another form of a ball dealing with error is dubbed a lift. This is once a player has elongated contact with the ball and essentially elevator it rather of hitting the upward. Similar to lifting, players can be dubbed for transferring or throw the ball. Again, this is where the player comes into call with the ball and also holds on to it, directing it instead of hitting it. The critical ball managing error is if there are more than 3 touch on the ball prior to it goes over the net. As soon as the 4th player touches the ball, the referee will call a violation and that team will shed the point.


Reaching Violations

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Reaching violations can occur both during blocking and also hitting. Blocking players space not enabled to reach across the aircraft of the network to touch the sphere if opposing team has not touch the ball three times yet, and there is a player present who can obtain to the ball. Similarly, if over there is one overpass, hitters cannot reach across the network to hit the round if the ball has actually not however crossed to their side that the net. Instead, they must wait because that the sphere to pertained to their next of the court prior to trying come hit it earlier over.


Center line Violation

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There is a centerline underneath the net the divides the two halves that the court. Football player cannot have any component of their body overcome this line, as if they perform it will result in their team losing a point and they could likewise possibly cause an injury to the various other team. In the instance of a hand or foot, the entire hand or foot need to cross the line because that this violation to be called. This ascendancy exists come ensure that players carry out not walk under the net and also get in the way of a player who is landing indigenous a fight or a block.

One exception to this preeminence is if a player is to run to save a ball. If the ball is overpassed and also is going the end of bounds, a player have the right to go under the network as lengthy as they continue to be out of the court bounds. They deserve to return the ball to your side, external of the antenna, because that a 3rd player come send the sphere safely to the opponent"s side.


Rotation Penalties

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Before the start of a set, both team"s coaches must display the referees your rotations. The players on the court must stay in the order provided on that rotation transparent the entirety set. If the players finish up in various positions and serve out of order, a rotation violation is called and that team will lose the suggest and the serve. Over there is a referee top top the sideline that keeps track of substitutions and rotations to make sure that players do not get out that order. This ascendancy ensures that each player top top the court serves, fairly than one player serving an ext often. It also ensures that teams cannot adjust their lineups in the center of a game to adjust matchups of football player at the net.

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Back heat Attacking/Blocking

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In the rotation, there are front heat players and ago row players. These back row players room positioned behind the 10 foot heat on the court. Once their team strikes a sphere that is over the aircraft of the net, these backrow players must strike from behind the 10 foot line. Comparable to a serving foot fault, if the player hits the ball with their foot top top or end the 10 foot line, a earlier row attack will be called and that player"s team will shed the point. Back row players are also not allowed to jump and block in ~ the net. This mostly applies to ago row setters that play in the prior row. Castle can collection from the former row, yet cannot block or fight a sphere with your hands or arms above the net.