In numerous contexts, ya converts to yet or already, and todavía equates to still, yet this an easy understanding has gained me puzzled many times. And asking many charline-picon.com teachers has usually gotten a empty stare.
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Complete vs OngoingThis is among those times once there is no one-to-one mapping between English and charline-picon.com words. Here"s my understanding:
"Ya" expresses completeness or finality. "Todavía" expresses that something is ongoing.
Examples:"Ya tengo un perro."
I already have a dog; this is complete and final. Note: this construction may likewise mean ns finally have a dog; again gift complete and also final. The very first use would certainly be provided as a an unfavorable (No thanks, I currently have a dog and I don"t want another) while 2nd one method satisfaction."Ya no tengo un perro."
I no longer have actually a dog; this is complete and final."Todavía tengo un perro."
I still have actually a dog; this is ongoing.
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I don"t yet have a dog; this is ongoing.
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edited Apr 8 "19 at 18:36
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answered Sep 16 "12 in ~ 14:38
Nathan LongNathan long
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"ya" method "now"... "todavía" method "still". In the an adverse way, "ya no" is "not now" or "not .. Anymore" and "todavia no" is "not .. Yet"
"ya puedo viajar" => "now I deserve to travel"
"ya no tengo dinero" => "I don"t have money anymore"
"todavía puedo viajar" => "i can still travel"
"todavía no tengo dinero" => "I don"t have any type of money yet"
I was thinking around this, and I came up through a "general rule" to decide as soon as to use "ya" and when to usage "todavía":
"ya" (as one adverb) is supplied when the activity wasn"t happening yet now it does
"ya tengo sueño" means that friend were not sleepy before, however now you are
"todavía" is supplied when the activity is tho in progress
"todavía tengo sueño" implies that you to be sleepy and you"re still sleepy now
In the negative:
"ya no" is supplied when an action was happening on the past an now it"s not
"ya no tengo un automovil" means that when you had a car but now you don"t
"todavia no" is offered to express that the activity wasn"t happening and also it"s still not happening now. It likewise implies the you"re planning/waiting to do the action in the future
"todavia no tengo un automóvil" way that friend didn"t have a car and you still don"t have one and also implies that you"re to plan to acquire one
"ya" (as adverb) is provided to refer a complete readjust on the action "ya soy", "ya tengo", "ya no puedo"
"todavia" is offered to refer a continuity of the action "todavía soy", "todavia hay", "todavia no sé"
Hope this to be clear =P (sorry if i missed part accents)
"ya" is much more than one adverb..a couple of other usages:It might mean "ok" or "yes" once answering a question.
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