The consultant because that this unit was Professor Ronald G. Knapp, differentiated Professor Emeritus at SUNY new Paltz ...see more.


These maps are debated in the part below. Note that few of the rundown maps included below are designed to be offered as transparencies that have the right to be overlaid on an overhead projector to demonstrate the diversity that China"s physical and cultural geography.

Overlays because that Classroom Use







Geographic circulation of China"s nationwide Minorities

1. Yanbian korean Autonomous prefecture 2. Gannan Tibetan Autonomous awareness 3. Linxia Hui Autonomous consciousness 4. Haibei Tibetan Autonomous awareness 5. Huangna Tibetan Autonomous consciousness 6. Hainan Tibetan Autonomous prefecture 7. Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous awareness 8. Yushu Tibetan Autonomous prefecture 9. Haixi Mongolian, Tibetan, Kazakh Autonomous consciousness 10. Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous consciousness 11. Kizilsu Khalkhas Autonomous awareness 12. Changji Hui Autonomous consciousness 13. Bortala Mongolian Autonomous consciousness 14. Ili Kazakh Autonomous consciousness 15. Xiangxi Tujia, Miao Autonomous consciousness 16. Haina Li, Miao Autonomous consciousness 17. Aba (Ngawa) Tibetan Autonomous consciousness 18. Garze Tibetan Autonomous prefecture 19. Liangsha Yi Autonomous awareness 20. Qiandongnan Miao, Dong Autonomous awareness 21. Qiannan Bouyei, Miao Autonomous awareness 22. Wenshan Zhuang, Miao Autonomous prefecture 23. Honghe Hani, Yi Autonomous prefecture 24. Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous prefecture 25. Chuxiong Yi Autonomous awareness 26. Chuxiong Yi Autonomous awareness 27. Dehong Dai, Jingpo Autonomous consciousness 28. Nujiang Lisu Autonomous prefecture 29. Degen Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture


It is a well known truth that China is the most populous nation in the people (although India may soon surpass China in full population). China"s total population in 2020 to be 1.4 billion people (1,400,000,000). This above the combined populations the Europe, southern America, the unified States, and Japan! certain Chinese districts are an ext populous than European countries. by comparison, the populace of the United states in 2020 is 331,000,000 (or 331 million). China"s population is around equivalent come 4x the of the joined States.

Population and also Land Area

Such a huge populace imposes an extensive stress top top the country"s organic resources, including particularly arable land. although China ranks 4th in the people in state of complete arable land, the press of populace on this precious obtainable agricultural land is acute and makes China"s battle to increase its farming output to feed its populace all the much more difficult. Looking at the map the China"s farming regions and crops, you will see that China"s arable land is primarily in the eastern region, the same area whereby a majority of China"s vast populace is concentrated. In addition to extensive locations of west China which are relatively uninhabited, an extensive portions of southerly China room unfavorable for farming because of such as mountain topography. over there are far-reaching variations indigenous province-to-province in state of grew land, multiple-cropping, and overall manufacturing of miscellaneous crops.

China feeds somewhat less than one-fifth (20%) that the world"s population on about 9% that the world"s arable land.

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U.S. China Comparison

land Area

Viewing the map mirroring the U.S. And China superimposed, it have the right to be viewed that China has only a slightly bigger land area, 3.69 million square miles contrasted to the 3.68 million square mile of the united States. However, while about 40% that the U.S. Land can be cultivated, only 10% of China"s land is arable. Much of the arable floor in the unified States, of course, is in reality not used for farming yet instead is supplied for pasture or has actually been developed for various other uses.

populace Density

Like China, the U.S. Has actually a densely populated eastern coast. Uneven the U.S., however, China"s farmland is not focused in a fairly underpopulated central section the the country. The complying with map to compare the densities of populace in the joined States and also China:

United States and China: Comparative population Density

Ethnic composition of China"s Population

China populace is created of over 50 country minorities. The vast bulk of the population belong to the Han country group, resident in the eastern an ar of China. A map reflecting the geographical circulation of assorted national minorities in China is here. Populace statistics top top the official ethnic groups and other products are here.


Early Civilizations

Looking in ~ the map of historical borders and the map mirroring the major rivers highlights the important fact that the more quickly hearths that Chinese civilization emerged along its flow valleys. One of the cradles of Chinese civilization, the Neolithic site referred to as Banpo, was located along a tributary the the Huang He not too far from the present-day city the Xi"an in Shaanxi province. Hemudu, on the southern shores that Hangzhou Bay that lies to the south of the Yangzi river delta, is another of China"s vital Neolithic sites. The Shang dynasty (c. 1600-1027 BC) was additionally situated roughly the Huang he (Yellow River), and also eventually spread southward to the Chang Jiang (Yangzi River) and Xi Jiang.

Historical Borders

Like numerous other countries, the historical boundaries of china have varied over time. Under the Han empire (202 BC-202 AD), China"s good historical empire, these early borders were significantly expanded, as the map that the historical boundaries of China shows. The degree of China"s territory was best under the critical dynasty, dubbed the Qing (Ch"ing) or Manchu dynasty in between 1644-1912. China"s territory was much more extensive under the Qing realm than the is today.

Bordering Nations

Looking at the map of bordering nations, it is possible to identify China"s next-door neighbors China is at the main point of a social sphere or an ar known as eastern Asia. China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam historically form the East oriental or Sinitic (Chinese) cultural sphere. The large number of countries with which China shares boundaries makes Chinese foreign policy with its bordering countries more complex than nations such as the U.S., for example which shares borders only v two countries, Canada and Mexico).


The cross-hatching nature that China"s five mountain ranges, the step-like staircase to decrease in key from the lofty Tibetan plateau towards the sea, and also the place of rivers make for a variety of distinct geographical regions that autumn into a checkerboard ingredient of basins, plateaus, and plains. Keep in mind the difficulties these pose for political and also economic unit on the overlays of mountains and deserts and rivers.

Western and also Eastern Regions

For the sake of primary school convenience, the landmass that China have the right to be split into two an easy components:

A vast Western region occupying almost 2/3 of the country that is usually too high, also cold, and/or as well dry to assistance a dense farming population. Much the this higher western area rectal the two upper measures of the topographic staircase: Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, sometimes known as the "roof that the world" with typical elevations over 4000 meters and a wide arc-like action running northeast/southwest native the grasslands that the inner Mongolian steppes with the deserts and basins that Xinjiang come the Yunnan-Guizhou plateaus of southwestern China. An Eastern region occupying 1/3 that the nation — that section of China east of the Tibetan Plateau and generally south of the good Wall — creating the main point of “China Proper.” it is framed ~ above the west by hill ranges around 1000 meter in elevation — higher Khingan, Taihang, Wushan, and Xuefeng — and also includes the densely resolved North China level along the lower course the the Huang He and also numerous levels in the middle and also lower get of the Chang Jiang that is customary come include Northeast China, often still referred to as Manchuria, in this east region. Northern and Southern China. This diverse region includes the eighteen classic provinces of imperial China, and also can be separated into Northern China and Southern China with the Qinling selection and Huai River developing the organic zone that demarcation between them.

Interregional Trade

A advantage of China"s varied geography is the a shortage of resources in one component of China deserve to be conquer by trade with one more part.

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In this means China historically has been able to develop internally by promoting interregional trade, as opposed to going exterior the nation as plenty of smaller European nations had to do. Instead of industry to get over shortages, China traded within its very own borders, thus promoting commercial development.

A shortage in labor in one area could similarly be fill by migration within the nation or by shifting production to another area.

Geographic determinants that assisted in this interior trade were the Chang Jiang (Yangzi River), the complicated network the rivers in the south, and China"s long coastline. China thus did not feel an excellent pressure to develop labor-saving innovations or to communicate in substantial expansionist or colonizing tasks beyond that borders, in contrast to the West and Japan. (This contrasts markedly with the political and economic history of Europe, wherein the existence of many little countries caused trade barriers and local shortages, prompting individual countries to make technical advances and also wage costly wars that contributed to the climb of large financial empires and engage in expansionist imperialism.)

Disparity among Regions

A recurrent problem, however, is the some regions in China have developed an ext quickly 보다 others due to the fact that of their location. For example, the coast of China through its ports and also fertile soil has actually developed much more rapidly 보다 western China v its deserts and also mountains. West China is much more isolated and thus lags behind the coastal regions, a problem that deserve to be seen plainly in this view of the earth at night where only lights and also fires space visible.