the clinical study of interactions amongst organisms and also between organisms and their atmosphere or surroundings.

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biospherecontains the merged portions of the world in which every one of life exists, including land, water, and air or atmosphere.
speciesa team of organisms so comparable to one another that they deserve to breed and also produce productive offspring.
populationgroups of people that belong come the same types and live in the same area.
communityassemblages of different populations the live together in a defined area.
ecosystema arsenal of every the organisms that live in a particular place, along with their nonliving, or physics environment.
biomea team of ecosystems that have the exact same climate and comparable dominant communities.
autotrophorganisms the can record energy from sunlight or chemicals and use that power to produce food.
producerorganisms that make their own food.
photosynthesisthe procedure by i m sorry plants and also some other organisms use light energy to power chemical reactions that convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches.
chemosynthesisa procedure by which part organisms use chemical power to produce carbohydrates.
heterotrophan organism that obtains energy from the foods items it consumes; likewise called a consumer.
consumeran organism that counts on various other organisms because that its energy and food supply.
herbivorean organism the obtains power from eating only plants.
carnivorean organism that obtains energy from eating just animals.
omnivorean organism the obtains power from eating both plants and animals.
detritivorean organism the feeds ~ above plant and animal remains and also other dead matter.
decomposeran biology that division down and also obtains power from dead organic matter.
food chaina series of procedures in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer power by eating and being eaten.
food weba network of complicated interactions created by the feeding relationships among the miscellaneous organisms in an ecosystem.
trophic levela step in a food chain or food web.
ecological pyramida diagram that mirrors the relative amounts of energy or issue within each trophic level in a food chain or food web.
biomassthe complete amount the living organization within a provided trophic level.
biogeochemical cyclea procedure in which elements, chemistry compounds, and also other develops of matter are passed indigenous one biology to another and from one component of the biosphere come another.
evaporationthe process by which water transforms from a fluid to one atmospheric gas.
transpirationthe lose of water indigenous a plant with its leaves.
nutrienta chemistry substance the an organism needs to live.
nitrogen fixationthe process of converting nitrogen gas right into ammonia.
denitrificationthe conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas.
primary productivitythe rate at i beg your pardon organic issue is produced by producer in an ecosystem.
limiting nutrienta solitary nutrient the either is scarce or cycles really slowly, limiting the expansion of a populace in one ecosystem.

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algal blooman instant increase in the lot of algae and other producers that outcomes from a large input that a limiting nutrient.