The Renaissance to be a fervent duration of european cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” complying with the center Ages. Generally explained as occurring from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance advocated the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art. Few of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and also artists in human charline-picon.com thrived throughout this era, while worldwide exploration opened up brand-new lands and also cultures to european commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the middle Ages and modern-day civilization.
From Darkness come Light: The Renaissance begins
During the center Ages, a duration that take it place in between the autumn of ancient Rome in 476 A.D. And the beginning of the 14th century, europeans made few advances in science and art.
You are watching: List four causes that led to the renaissance
Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is often branded as a time that war, ignorance, famine and also pandemics such together the black color Death.
Recommended because that you
Po’Pay: The Little-Known Pueblo Hero who Led the first American Revolution
Winter Olympics charline-picon.com
Chicago bear beat Philadelphia Eagles in freaky Fog Bowl
Some historians, however, think that together grim depictions that the Middle ages were greatly exaggerated, though many agree that there was fairly little for for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and learning in ~ the time.
READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark eras Weren't so Dark
During the 14th century, a social movement dubbed humanism began to get momentum in Italy. Amongst its plenty of principles, humanism supported the idea that man was the center of his own universe, and people should embrace human success in education, classic arts, literature and science.
In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg print press permitted for improved interaction throughout Europe and also for concepts to spread more quickly.
As a an outcome of this advancement in communication, little-known texts from at an early stage humanist authors such as those through Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which promoted the rebirth of timeless Greek and also Roman culture and values, to be printed and distributed come the masses.
Additionally, many scholars believe advancements in international finance and trade impacted society in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.
The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a place with a rich cultural charline-picon.com where well-off citizens might afford to assistance budding artists.
Members that the an effective Medici family, which rule Florence for much more than 60 years, were well known backers that the movement.
Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others claimed that they were participating in one intellectual and artistic revolution that would certainly be much different from what lock experienced throughout the Dark Ages.
The movement an initial expanded to other Italian city-states, such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread indigenous Italy come France and then transparent western and northern Europe.
Although various other European countries experienced their Renaissance later than Italy, the impacts were tho revolutionary.
Some that the most famous and also groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers encompass the likes of:
Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose much more realistic depictions of person emotions influenced generations the artists. Finest known for his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.
William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and also scholar shed at the stake because that translating the scriptures into English.
William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer well-known for his advancement of the English madrigal and his religious organ music.
Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science
Art, architecture and science were very closely linked during the Renaissance. In fact, it was a distinctive time once these fields of study fused with each other seamlessly.
For instance, artists like da Vinci integrated scientific principles, such together anatomy into their work, so they might recreate the human body with extraordinary precision.
Architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi studied math to correctly engineer and design immense structures with expansive domes.
Scientific explorations led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and Descartes gift a new view the astrology and mathematics, while Copernicus proposed the the Sun, no the Earth, to be the center of the solar system.
Renaissance art was identified by realism and also naturalism. Artists strived come depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.
They used techniques, such as perspective, shadows and also light to include depth to your work. Feeling was one more quality that artists tried to infuse right into their pieces.
Some of the most famous imaginative works that were created during the Renaissance include:The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue of David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The production of Adam (Michelangelo)
While countless artists and thinkers provided their talent to express brand-new ideas, part Europeans took to the seas to learn more about the world roughly them. In a period known together the age of Discovery, several crucial explorations were made.
Voyagers launched expeditions to take trip the entire globe. They discovered new shipping courses to the Americas, India and also the much East and explorers trekked throughout areas that weren’t totally mapped.
Famous journeys were taken through Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and also other explorers.
READ MORE: The period of Exploration
Humanism urged Europeans to concern the role of the roman Catholic church throughout the Renaissance.
As more people learned just how to read, write and also interpret ideas, they started to carefully examine and critique religious beliefs as they knew it. Also, the printing press enabled for texts, including the Bible, come be quickly reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, for the first time.
In the 16th century, young name Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary motion that resulted in a separation in the Catholic church. Luther questioned numerous of the methods of the church and whether castle aligned with the teachings of the Bible.
As a result, a new type of Christianity, recognized as Protestantism, to be created.
End that the Renaissance
Scholars believe the death of the Renaissance was the an outcome of number of compounding factors.
See more: What Is The 12Th Term Of The Sequence 10, 6 2, Key Maths: Gcse
By the finish of the 15th century, countless wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and also German intruders battling for Italian territories caused disruption and also instability in the region.