The geography of brand-new York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic s in a naturally sheltered harbor. The city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs geography, v its scarce accessibility of land, is a contributing factor in make it among the many densely inhabited cities in the unified States. Environmental issues are chiefly came to with managing this density, which also explains why new York is among the most power efficient and least automobile-dependent urban in the unified States. The city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs climate is temperate.
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New York City is situated on the coast of the Northeastern United says at the mouth the the Hudson flow in southeastern new York state. The is located in the brand-new Yorkâ"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgNew Jersey harbor Estuary, the centerpiece of which is the new York Harbor, whose deep waters and also sheltered bays helped the city prosper in meaning as a commerce city. Much of new York is developed on the three islands that Manhattan, Staten Island, and also western long Island, making floor scarce and also encouraging a high population density.
The Hudson river flows indigenous the Hudson sink into brand-new York Bay, coming to be a tidal estuary the separates the Bronx and Manhattan native Northern new Jersey. The Harlem River, one more tidal strait in between the East and Hudson Rivers, separates Manhattan native the Bronx.
The boroughs of brand-new York City straddle the border in between two geologic provinces of eastern North America. Brooklyn and also Queens, situated on lengthy Island, are part of the eastern coastal plain. Lengthy Island is a enormous moraine which developed at the southern fringe the the Laurentide ice cream Sheet during the last ice cream Age. The Bronx and Manhattan lie on the east edge of the Newark Basin, a block the the Earth"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs crust i m sorry sank downward throughout the disintegration of the supercontinent Pangaea throughout the Triassic period. The Palisades Sill ~ above the brand-new Jersey coast of the Hudson flow exposes ancient, once-molten rock the filled the basin. Challenging metamorphic rocks underlie lot of Manhattan, offering solid assistance for its numerous skyscrapers.
The city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs land has been altered considerably by human intervention, with an extensive land reclamation follow me the waterfronts because Dutch colonial times. Reclamation is most notable in lower Manhattan with modern developments like Battery Park City. Much of the herbal variations in topography have actually been evened out, an especially in Manhattan. The West side of Manhattan retains some hilliness, specifically in upper Manhattan, while the east Side has been considerably flattened. Duffy"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs Hill in east Harlem is one notable exception to the east Side"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs relatively level grade.
The city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs soil area is estimated to be 321 square miles (830Â km2). However, a more recent calculation calculates a complete land area that 304.8 square mile (789.4 square kilometres). The highest possible natural suggest in the city is Todt Hill top top Staten Island, which in ~ 409.8Â ft (124.9Â m) above sea level is the greatest hill on the east Seaboard south of Maine. The summit of the ridge is largely covered in woodlands as part of the Staten Island Greenbelt.
New YorkWestchester county Nassau county
New JerseyMonmouth ar Middlesex ar Union county Hudson county Bergen county
New York City comprises five boroughs, an unusual form of government used to provide the 5 constituent counties that make up the city. Throughout the boroughs there are hundreds of unique neighborhoods, plenty of with a definable background and character all their own. If the boroughs were every independent cities, four of the boroughs (Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, and the Bronx) would be among the ten many populous urban in the unified States.The Bronx (Bronx County, pop. 1,364,566) is brand-new York City"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs northernmost borough. It is the birthplace the rap and also hip hop culture, the website of Yankee Stadium, and home come the largest cooperatively own housing complicated in the united States, Co-op City. Other than for a tiny piece the Manhattan known as Marble Hill, the Bronx is the only section the the city the is part of the phibìc American mainland. Brooklyn (Kings County, pop. 2,511,408) is the city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs many populous borough and also was an live independence city until 1898. Brooklyn is known for its social diversity, an independent art scene, unique neighborhoods and a distinct architectural heritage. The borough likewise features a long beachfront and also Coney Island, renowned as one of the more quickly amusement grounds in the country. Manhattan (New York County, pop. 1,606,275) is the most densely inhabited borough and also home to most of the city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs skyscrapers. The borough consists of the major business centers the the city and many social attractions. Manhattan is loosely separated into downtown, midtown, and also uptown regions. Queens (Queens County, pop. 2,256,576) is geographically the largest borough and also the many ethnically diverse county in the united States. Historically a collection of little towns and villages established by the Dutch, the borough now is greatly residential and middle class, with enclaves of above average income and wealth. It is the only big county in the United says where the mean income amongst African-American households, about $52,000 a year, has actually surpassed the of Caucasian households. Emperors is the website of Citi Field and its predecessor Shea Stadium, the home of the brand-new York Mets, and annually master the united state Tennis Open. Staten Island (Richmond County, pop. 475,014) is the many suburban in personality of the five boroughs. That is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and to Manhattan through the cost-free Staten Island Ferry. Until 2001 the borough was home to the Fresh death Landfill, previously the biggest landfill in the world, i m sorry is now being reconstructed as one of the largest urban parks in the joined States.
Although it is not in the subtropics and also its winters room cold, brand-new York has actually a humid subtropical climate according to the KÃ¶ppen climate classification because the coldest months"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg median temperatures space not low sufficient for persistent eye cover, between 32.5 and also 33.0Â Â°F (0.3 and also 0.6Â Â°C) at all three major reporting stations in ~ the city. The region"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs climate is vastly affected by that proximity come the Atlantic Ocean. Brand-new York City"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs climate fads are impacted by the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, a 70-year-long warming and also cooling cycle in the Atlantic that influences the frequency and also severity the hurricanes and coastal storms. Unless otherwise stated, all figures below are cited from the central Park station.Winters are commonly cold. During the typical winter, there are 17 days where the temperature falls short to rise over 32Â Â°F (0Â Â°C). Although over there is an mean 2.7 nights v a low at or listed below 10Â Â°F (â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg12Â Â°C), and also the city is located in USDA stiffness Zone 7, denote the coldest temperature of the year is commonly in the 0 to 10Â Â°F (â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg18 to â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg12Â Â°C) range, temperatures getting to 0Â Â°F (â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg18Â Â°C) are an extremely uncommon, with the most recent incident being on February 14, 2016. Brand-new York winters sometimes feature several nor"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgeasters that can paralyze the city with over a foot (30Â cm) of snow. However, sport in the climate also occasionally provides winter soft and practically snowless. Springs are mild, v high temperatures averaging in the 50s Â°F (10 come 15Â Â°C) in late March come the reduced 80s Â°F (26â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg28Â Â°C) in beforehand June. The weather is unpredictable and can even bring relatively cool summers (such together in 1992) together an occasional surprise, and snowstorms showing up as late as the second week in April (significant eye after mid-March is reasonably rare though). Thunderstorms are common in spring. Summers in brand-new York are hot and also humid, through temperatures reaching 90Â Â°F (32Â Â°C) or higher on an average of 17 days every year (with the average window for such readings being might 27 thru august 24), return high temperatures above 100Â Â°F (38Â Â°C) are rare, having actually last been checked out July 18, 2012. Humidity levels are usually rather high in July and also August. Thunderstorms are usual in summer, and also produce also the sometimes tornado, although significant weather is much more common west that the city in new Jersey because the city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs proximity come the s usually greatly weakens major thunderstorms before they hit the city. Hurricanes are considered to be a major threat come the area (and especially the lengthy Island suburbs). If infrequent, a straight hit could cause large loss of life and also enormous property damage due come the high population in coastal areas, as proven through Hurricane Sandy in October 2012. Autumns room comfortable in new York and comparable to feather in temperature. However, the weather is significantly unpredictable and also travelers room advised to examine forecasts and bring number of layers of garments in so late fall and also in the beforehand spring month (e.g. November, March, April) together temperatures perform fluctuate easily at these times of year. Precipitation is plentiful and also averages in ~ 49.9Â in (1,267Â mm) annually, with spring being the wettest season and also February the driest month. However, the wettest year on document at central Park, 1983, v 80.56Â in (2,046Â mm) of precipitation, as well as five other of the optimal 10 wettest years, arisen during the current 1981â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg2010 regular period; for all months except December, the typical monthly precipitation is much less than the main monthly normal precipitation. The driest year to be 1965 through 26.09Â in (663Â mm) of precipitation. Monthly precipitation has ranged from 0.02Â in (0.5Â mm) in June 1949 to 18.95Â in (481Â mm) in august 2011. Brand-new York can have excessive days the rain or long stretches of dry weather. The many rainfall in 24 hours was 8.28Â in (210.3Â mm) ~ above September 23, 1882. Snow averages in ~ 25.8Â in (65.5Â cm) every season, however this number increases rapidly in the suburbs come the north and west and decreases slightly towards the lengthy Island suburbs. The many snow in one calendar day was 27.3Â in (69Â cm) ~ above January 23, 2016, part of the city"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs heaviest fall in a solitary storm in ~ 27.5Â in (70Â cm) ~ above January 22â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg23, 2016. Through monthly snow records dating back to 1869, the most snow in a solitary month was 36.9Â in (94Â cm) in February 2010, and the snowiest season is, by far, 1995â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg96 v 75.6Â in (192Â cm). The least snowy season to be 1972â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg73 through 2.8Â in (7.1Â cm). The window for measurable (â¥0.1Â in or 0.25Â cm) snow is on average December 15 thru in march 17; March eye occurs in the majority of periods while April or November eye is generally only viewed at many several times per decade. Nothing more than trace quantities has collapse in May, if several years may pass in between measurable snow occasions in October. Temperature records have been collection as high together 106Â Â°F (41Â Â°C) ~ above July 9, 1936 (in central Park; LaGuardia Airport videotaped a 107Â Â°F or 42Â Â°C analysis on July 3, 1966) and also as low together â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg15Â Â°F (â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg26Â Â°C) ~ above February 9, 1934. The record high day-to-day minimum temperature to be 84Â Â°F (29Â Â°C), most recently ~ above July 22, 2011 (although LaGuardia Airport recorded a daily low that 86Â Â°F or 30Â Â°C as recently as July 19, 2013), while the document low everyday maximum temperature to be 2Â Â°F (â"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpg17Â Â°C) ~ above December 30, 1917. Over the food of a year, brand-new York City averages 70 days with lows in ~ or listed below freezing; the average window for freezing temperatures is November 20 v March 29, enabling a cultivation season the 235 days.
New York City plays crucial role in the environment-friendly policy agenda since of that size. Ecological groups make big efforts to aid shape legislation in new York since they view the strategy together an efficient way to influence national programs. Brand-new York City"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs economic situation is bigger than Switzerland"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs, a dimension that way the city has potential to set new de facto standards. Manufacturers are additionally attuned to the recent trends and also needs in the city due to the fact that the industry is merely too big to ignore.
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Although cities like San Francisco or Portland, Oregon are most commonly associated with urban environmentalism in the unified States, brand-new York City"https://charline-picon.com/human-environment-interaction-in-new-york-city/imager_11_8797_700.jpgs unique urban footprint and extensive transportation solution make it an ext sustainable than many American cities.
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